Prime and Composite NumbersAs you've begun your study of factors, you've probably realized that some numbers have a lot of factors and others only have 1 and itself. This realization leads us into our definitions of prime and composite numbers. So, what are the definitions of prime and composite numbers? Take a look.... Prime NumbersA prime number is a positive integer, greater than 1, whose only factors are 1 and itself. Composite NumbersA composite number is a positive integer, greater than 1, that has factors other than just 1 and itself Take a look at our chart for more examples. Prime and Composite NumbersNotice how prime numbers only have 1 and itself as its factors? The composite numbers have at least one other set of numbers as its factors. Most people are able to quickly identify the prime numbers up to 50. It's not a bad idea to commit this list to memory. The following are the prime numbers from 050. Prime Numbers to 502, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47 Ok.. there was a lot of vocabulary introduced in this chapter and it is all very important. Make sure that you have a clear understanding of factors, common factors, prime numbers, and composite numbers before moving on. More PreAlgebra Fraction Lessons 
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