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# Systems of Equations Word Problem

by Sam
(Usaexeter, RI)

All 231 students in the french class went on a field trip. Some students rode in vans which hold 7 students each and some students rode in buses which hold 25 students each. How many of each type of vehicle did they use if there were 15 vehicles total?

### Comments for Systems of Equations Word Problem

Average Rating     Mar 04, 2010 Rating     Systems of Equations Word Problem by: Karin In this problem, you need to ask yourself: What do I need to find? You need to find how many buses and how many vans. There are two things that you don't know. Let's assign our variables: Let x = number of vans Let y = number of buses Typically when there are two variables, you will need to write a system of equations. You will need to write two different equations and then solve by using substitution or linear combinations. I can write two equations: 1 equation about the total number of people. You have 7 per van + 25 per bus = 231 (Total) The equation: 7x + 25y = 231 2nd equation is about the number of vehicles. number of vans + number of buses = 15 (Total) Equation: x + y = 15 So our system of equations is: 7x + 25y = 231 x + y = 15 I am going to solve by using substitution. First I will solve x + y = 15 for y: x -x + y = 15 - x Subtract x from both sides. y = 15 - x Now substitute y = 15 -x into the first equation: 7x + 25y = 231 7x + 25(15 -x) = 231 Substitute 7x + 375 - 25x = 231 Distribute 7x - 25x + 375 = 231 Write like terms together -18x + 375 = 231 Combine like terms -18x + 375 - 375 = 231 - 375 Subtract 375 from both sides -18x = -144 Simplify -18x/-18 = -144/-18 Divide -18 from both sides x = 8 The number of vans equals 8. Use x + y = 15 to find the number of buses. 8 + y = 15 8 + 7 = 15 Therefore, there were 7 buses. Check: 7(8) +25(7) = 231 231 = 231 So, there were 8 vans and 7 buses. Hope this helps, Karin

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