Let's first quickly review slope intercept form.
Equations that are written in slope intercept form are the easiest to graph and easiest to write given the proper information.
All you need to know is the slope (rate) and the y-intercept. Continue reading for a couple of examples!
Write the equation for a line that has a slope of -2 and y-intercept of 5.
NOTES: I substituted the value for the slope (-2) for m and the value for the y-intercept (5) for b. The variables x and y should always remain variables when writing a linear equation.
In the example above, you were given the slope and y-intercept. Now let's look at a graph and write an equation based on the linear graph.
Write an equation that represents the following graph.
Step 1: Locate the y-intercept.
Step 2: Locate another point that lies on the line.
Step 3: Calculate the slope from the y-intercept to the second point.
Step 4: Write an equation in slope intercept form given the slope and y-intercept.
Slope = 3
y-intercept = -2
y = mx + b
y = 3x - 2 is the equation that represents this graph.
Note: You can also check your equation by analyzing the graph. You have a positive slope. Is your graph rising from left to right?
Yes, it is rising; therefore, your slope should be positive!
We've now seen an example of a problem where you are given the slope and y-intercept (Example 1). Example 2 demonstrates how to write an equation based on a graph.
Let's look at one more example where we are given a real world problem. How do we write an equation for a real world problem in slope intercept form?
What will we look for in the problem?
When you have a real world problem, there are two things that you want to look for!
1. Rate: The rate is your slope in the problem. The following are examples of a rate:
This number is always related to the x value.
"Per" is a key word that is often associated with slope or a rate.
2. A Flat Fee: A flat fee is your y-intercept. This value is a constant or fixed amount. It never changes!
Use the chart below to help you organize your information as you analyze each word problem. This will help you when writing equations
Take a look at the examples below to better clarify how this chart can help you.
You are visiting Baltimore, MD. A taxi company charges a flat fee of $3.00 plus an additional $0.75 per mile. Write an equation that you could use to find the cost of a taxi ride in Baltimore, MD. Let x represent the number of miles and y represent the total cost.
The y-intercept is 3. Since there is a flat fee of $3, this value becomes the y-intercept. It is a constant, a value that never changes.
The slope is 0.75. This is the rate per mile. A rate is also the slope.
Therefore, the equation that represents this problem is y = 0.75x + 3
In order to determine this cost, we will need to use our equation and substitute 8 for x.
y = 0.75x + 3
y = 0.75(8) + 3
9 = (0.75)(8) + 3
The cost of an 8 mile taxi ride is $9.
Hopefully you now have the hang of writing equations in slope intercept form.
Remember to always look for the slope and the y-intercept.
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